Copyright Notice

There is no copyright notice requirement.  However, use of a copyright notice may be important because it informs the public that a work is protected by a copyright, identifies the copyright owner, and shows the year of first publication.

Notice for visually perceptible copies should contain all of the following three elements:

the symbol © (the letter C in a circle), or the word “Copyright,” or the abbreviation “Copr,”

the year of first publication of the work, and

the name of the owner of the copyright in the work, or an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of the owner.

For example, a copyright notice may read as follows: © 2012 John Doe.

Notice for phonorecords embodying a sound recording should contain the symbol Ⓟ (the letter P in a circle) instead of the symbol ©.

For regulations concerning the form and position of the copyright notice, see the Code of Federal Regulations (37 CFR 201.20).

If you have a question about a copyright notice, askme at