Ineligible Categories for Copyright Protection

Several categories of material are generally not eligible for federal copyright protection. These ineligible categories include among others:

Works that have not been fixed in a tangible form of expression (e.g., choreographic works that have not been notated or recorded, or improvisational speeches or performances that have not been written or recorded),

Titles, names, short phrases, and slogans; familiar symbols or designs; mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering, or coloring (e.g., subject matter eligible for trademark registration); mere listings of ingredients or contents,

Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices (e.g., subject matter eligible for patent protection), as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration, and

Works consisting entirely of information that is common property and containing no original authorship (e.g., standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers, and lists or tables taken from public documents or other common sources).

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